The GULS Law Review

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Blog posts : "EU"

Are we naively restrained? : A critique on former US Solicitor General, Robert Bork’s view that vertical restraints are always in the best interest of consumers

In this article, Mashal Aamir (4th year LL.B), critically discusses the pro and anti-competitive effects of vertical restraints and the extent to which EU Competition law is in line with, or diverges from, Bork’s statement that vertical restraints should be lawful in the consumer interest

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In Memory of the UK’s Membership of the European Union: 1973 - ?

In light of the UK’s vote to leave the European Union, this article by Saif Gilani (2nd year LLB) analyses the timeframe needed for the UK to withdraw from the EU, considering the key legal and political obstacles which must first be overcome.

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A critical discussion of the pro and anti-competitive effects of vertical restraints and the extent to which EU Competition Law is in line with, or diverges from, Bork’s statement.

This article, written by Laura Rankin (4th Year LLB ), criticises Robert Bork’s view of vertical agreements and why, in light of the modernisation process of the Euorpean Commission, undertakings are still reluctant to incorporate such agreements. It is clear that the current law diverges significantly from the view of Bork owed particularly to the ambiguity of what is to be considered the primary aim of EU Competition Law.

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‘Modern Competition Policy: A Re-evaluation of economic efficiencies’

In this article, Robin Van Mulders (LLM in International Competition Law and Policy) discusses the applicability of Robert Bork’s welfare standard ‘economic efficiency’ in modern states. It evaluates the effectiveness of the standard in the context of US antitrust law as well as in the context of EU’s market integration goal and developing countries. The article suggests that the previous belief that economic efficiency as a competition objective is not a one-size-fits-all objective that can be applied and implemented in competition regimes, but that rather, due consideration ought to be given to the jurisdictions stage of economic development and current market structures...

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*BREXIT WRITING COMPETITION WINNER* - "Brexit & the Refugees in Calais: Navigating the Legal Jungle"

In the WINNING ARTICLE, Anna Nelson explores the effect that Brexit will have on the refugees in Calais and discusses whether or not the June 2016 result will be more onerous on Britain than had been anticipated by the Leave campaign...

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*BREXIT WRITING COMPETITION RUNNER UP* - Brexit: The End of the Road for Conflicts Harmonisation in the UK?

In his entry, Jordan Rhodes of fourth year considers the uncertain future for Private International Law following the Brexit vote...

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*BREXIT WRITING COMPETITION RUNNER UP* - “In Memory of the UK’s Membership of the European Union: 1973 - ?”

Second year student, Saif Gilani was one of our runners up for the Brexit Writing Competition. This article analyses the topical issue of triggering Article 50 TEU and the timeframe needed for the UK to leave the EU.

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“Remind me, what’s your name again?”

 This article looks at the new EU "Right to be forgotten", its conflict with the Freedom of Expression and the misleading nature of its name 

 Written by Christopher Lewis-Laverty, fourth year LLB and European Union law sub-editor.



The internet (nearly) never forgets. Following the ru…

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The EU’s Accession to the ECHR: The Courts’ Relationship Prior to Accession


Written by Viktoria Tsvetanova
(LL.B graduate and DPLP student)

With the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009, several amendments were introduced to the structure of the European Union (EU). Other than disposing of the ‘pillar structure’ previously in place, the Lisbon Treaty also …

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Recent developments on the position of leniency applicants in follow-on private actions for damages under European and national competition law




Written by Fraser Grier (4th year LLB)


I.                   Background


 The previous decade has witnessed an effort by the  European Commission to afford greater potency to private antitrust litigation; concurrently aiming to navigate between the…

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10 blog posts